Morningstar will not calculate ratings for categories or time periods that contain fewer than five separate accounts. Each investor in the same separate account can experience slightly different total returns, because investors have different account preferences and restrictions. Therefore, to ensure that ratings are fairly assigned, Morningstar will calculate ratings for only those firms that report performance for “composites” of similarly managed portfolios according to the guidelines of the CFA Institute’s Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS®).
Laffer Tengler Investments, Inc. (“Laffer Tengler”) is registered as an investment adviser with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Registration with the SEC or state securities authority does not imply a certain level of skill or training. For information filed by Laffer Tengler with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, please go to www.adviserinfo.sec.gov and search for Laffer Tengler Investments under the “Investment Adviser Search” option. The firm’s current market outlook is subject to change from time to time and without notice. A change in market outlook would generally lead to changes in account compositions, which may impact the characteristics presented herein. The information contained in this commentary is not intended to be used as the sole basis of investment decisions and is not a recommendation to buy or sell. Past performance is no indication or guarantee of future results.
This document may contain forward-looking statements relating to the objectives, opportunities, and the future performance of the U.S. market generally. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of such words as; “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “should,” “planned,” “estimated,” “potential” and other similar terms. Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, estimates with respect to financial condition, results of operations, and success or lack of success of any particular investment strategy. All are subject to various factors, including, but not limited to general and local economic conditions, changing levels of competition within certain industries and markets, changes in interest rates, changes in legislation or regulation, and other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, and technological factors affecting a portfolio’s operations that could cause actual results to differ materially from projected results.
Disclosure Information – Morningstar Rating
The Morningstar Rating™ for funds, or “star rating”, is calculated for separate accounts with at least a three-year history. It is calculated based on a Morningstar Risk-Adjusted Return measure that accounts for variation in a managed product’s monthly excess performance, placing more emphasis on downward variations and rewarding consistent performance. The top 10% of products in each product category receive 5 stars, the next 22.5% receive 4 stars, the next 35% receive 3 stars, the next 22.5% receive 2 stars, and the bottom 10% receive 1 star. The Overall Morningstar Rating for a managed product is derived from a weighted average of the performance figures associated with its three-, five-, and 10-year (if applicable) Morningstar Rating metrics. The weights are: 100% three-year rating for 36-59 months of total returns, 60% five-year rating/40% three-year rating for 60-119 months of total returns, and 50% 10- year rating/30% five-year rating/20% three-year rating for 120 or more months of total returns. While the 10-year overall star rating formula seems to give the most weight to the 10-year period, the most recent three-year period actually has the greatest impact because it is included in all three rating periods.
Fees for separate accounts can vary widely and are negotiated between the asset manager, the separate account program sponsor or advisor, and the investor. Morningstar has chosen to present gross-of-fees performance (before fees have been taken out) to compare separate accounts. Net-of-fees calculations often deduct the highest theoretical fees that an investor may pay.